Evidence based practice education resources
This area of the site will develop as relevant educational material is identified and developed. At present you will find information on:
- Comprehensive EBP support
- Using the internet
- Literature searching
- Critical appraisal resources
- WCPT publications
- WCPT congress learning materials
- Online tutorials, articles and publications on EBP
- Getting published
- Other publications
These sites cover most aspects of EBP and include support on statistics.
The Evidence Based Medicine Toolbox
The Evidence Based Medicine Toolbox is a collection of tools for identifying, assessing and applying relevant evidence for better health care decision making.
Open Clinical: knowledge management
Open Clinical: knowledge management provides links to high quality sites related to evidence based medicine, clinical guidelines and medical informatics.
Internet for Allied Health
Internet for Allied Health provides a free "teach yourself" tutorial on internet information skills for allied health professionals.
NHS (UK) Learning and Development
The NHS (UK) Learning and Development site provides access to learning resources for EBP including sections on Sources of Evidence and Search Filters.
Many of these sites also provide advice and support on statistics.
Users' guide to the Medical Literature
The Centre for Health Evidence website provides access the complete set of Users' Guides originally published as a series in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). Leading the way in critical appraisal.
PEDro provide a short tutorial on reading clinical trials in physiotherapy.
How to Read a Paper: The Basics of Evidence Based Medicine
How to read a paper by David Warriner, F2 student (general practice), Derwent Surgery, Malton, North Yorkshire, UK
British Medical Journal articles
Listed below are a series of articles by Trish Greenhalgh published in the British Medical Journal (BMJ), also produced as a book.
- Papers that go beyond numbers (qualitative research) Trisha Greenhalgh, Rod Taylor
- Papers that summarise other papers (systematic reviews and meta-analyses)Trisha Greenhalgh
- Papers that tell you what things cost (economic analyses) Trisha Greenhalgh
- Papers that report diagnostic or screening tests Trisha Greenhalgh
- Papers that report drug trials Trisha Greenhalgh
- Statistics for the non-statistician. II: "Significant" relations and their pitfalls Trisha Greenhalgh
- Statistics for the non-statistician Trisha Greenhalgh
- Assessing the methodological quality of published papers Trisha Greenhalgh
- Getting your bearings (deciding what the paper is about) Trisha Greenhalgh
- The Medline database Trisha Greenhalgh
Critical Appraisal Skills Programme checklists
The Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) aims to empower health and social care professionals and users of the NHS in the UK to distinguish between, and to use, good quality evidence to support decisions. The programme involves disseminating and cascading knowledge and skills in the area of EBP and endeavours to make learning in this field more accessible - ultimately improving the quality of health and social care service. CASP has developed appraisal tools for systematic reviews, randomised controlled trials, qualitative research studies, cohort studies, case-control studies, diagnostic test studies and economic evaluation studies.
AGREE provide a tool for assessing the quality of clinical guidelines.
WCPT has published a number of keynote papers relevant to evidence based practice.
Evidence Based Medicine: what it is and what it isn't
"Evidence Based Medicine: what it is and what it isn't" is an editorial published in the BMJ by David L Sackett, William M C Rosenberg, J A Muir Gray, R Brian Haynes, W Scott Richardson BMJ 1996;312:71-72 (13 January)>
Useful for understanding the philosophical basis for EBP.
- Levels of Evidence
The "Levels of Evidence" document is available on the Centre for Evidence Based Medicine (Oxford, UK) website.
British Medical Journal (BMJ)
The BMJ publishes a series of papers relevant to EBP:
They also host "BMJ Talks" - PowerPoint presentations of their editors, some of which cover EBP.
The Relation between Systematic Reviews and Practice Guidelines
The article "The Relation between Systematic Reviews and Practice Guidelines" was published in Annals of Internal Medicine 1 August 1997. 127:210-216. Full text accessible.
Undertaking Systematic Reviews of Research on Effectiveness
Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK) guidance for undertaking reviews in health care provides practical guidance for undertaking evidence synthesis based on a thorough understanding of systematic review methodology. It presents the core principles of systematic reviewing, and in complementary chapters, highlights issues that are specific to reviews of clinical tests, public health interventions, adverse effects and economic evaluations. The final chapter discusses the incorporation of qualitative research in or alongside effectiveness reviews.
United States Cochrane Center
Understanding Evidence-based Healthcare: A Foundation for Action - A web course created by the as part of a project undertaken by Consumers United for Evidence-based Healthcare (CUE). Designed to help consumer advocates understand the fundamentals of evidence-based healthcare concepts and skills. Registration is open and free of charge. Participants are encouraged to finish the course in three months. We recommend that participants complete only 1-2 modules at a time. Participants must commit to filling out evaluation forms upon completion of each module.
University of Minnosota Library
Getting Evidence into Practice
Getting Research Findings into Practice
A series of eight articles edited by Andy Haines and Anna Donald published in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) and also available as a book from BMJ publishing.
Making better use of research findings. Andy Haines and Anna Donald. BMJ 1998; 317: 72-75 (4th July)
When to act on the evidence. Trevor Sheldon, Gordon Guyatt and Andy Haines. BMJ 1998;317:139-142 (11th July)
Finding information on clinical effectiveness. Julie Glanville, Margaret Haines, and Ione Auston. BMJ 1998; 317: 200-203. (18th July)
Barriers and bridges to evidence based clinical practice. Brian Haynes and Andy Haines. BMJ 1998;317:273-276 (25th July)
Using research findings in clinical practice. Sharon Straus and Dave Sackett. BMJ 1998; 317: 339-342. (1st August)
Decision analysis and the implementation of research findings. R J Lilford, S G Pauker, D A Braunholtz, and Jiri Chard. BMJ 1998; 317: 405-409. (8th August)
Closing the gap between research and practice: an overview of systematic reviews of interventions to promote the implementation of research findings. Lisa A Bero, Roberto Grilli, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Emma Harvey, Andrew D Oxman, and Mary Ann Thomson. BMJ 1998; 317: 465-468. (15th August)
Implementing research findings in developing countries. Paul Garner, Rajendra Kale, Rumona Dickson, Tony Dans, and Rodrigo Salinas. BMJ 1998; 317: 531-535. (22nd August)
Electronic textbook of HTA Information Resources includes chapters on:
- Literature searching and HTA: the perspective of the researcher
- Developing the research question
- Search protocols (COSI)
- Searching MEDLINE/PubMed
- Spanish language resources
- Grey literature
- Economic information
Writing for Publication Workshop, World Physical Therapy 2007
Look at the PowerPoint slides from the Writing for Publication Workshop held at the WCPT congress 2007- thanks to Louise Ada, Scientific Editor of the Australian Journal of Physiotherapy.
The CONSORT statement is an important research tool that takes an evidence based approach to improve the quality of reports of randomised trials. The most up-to-date revision of the CONSORT Statement is CONSORT 2010, which can be freely viewed and downloaded from this website.
Practical Evidence-Based Physiotherapy
Rob Herbert, Gro Jamtvedt, Judy Mead, Kare Birger Hagen
Elsevier Butterworth Heinemann; Oxford UK (2005)
A series of eight articles edited by Andy Haines and Anna Donald published in the BMJ and also available as a book from BMJ publishing.
Practical Tips in Finding the Evidence: An Allied Health Primer
Karen Grimmer-Somers, Saravana Kumar, Anthea Worley, Alexandra Young
The Centre for Allied Health (CAHE), South Australia