Bulgaria: a profile of the profession

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The data has been provided by Bulgarian Association of Physiotherapists and to the extent possible are a true reflection of the situation in the country, however not all figures are authoritative and should be interpreted accordingly. For questions or feedback please contact countryprofile@wcpt.org

Reference year: 2017

 View the 2017 global country profile maps

Summary report for Bulgaria
Professional title
English title:
Кинезитерапевт  (Not protected by law)
National language titles:
  • Кинезитерапевт  (Protected by law)
  • Кинезитерапевт  (Protected by law)
  • Рехабилитатор  (Protected by law)
Membership
Number of physical therapist members:
250    (Excluding assistants, students, retired and other)
Female%
60%
 
Entry level student organisation:
Yes, represented by the WCPT member organisation
Practising physical therapists
Number of practising physical therapists:
300    (Estimated)
Female%:
50%
 
Support personnel part of workforce:
Unknown
Publications
Journals:
Events
CPD Events:
Special interest groups recognised by Bulgaria
Recognised special interest groups:
  • Acupuncture
  • Orthopaedics/manual therapy
  • Paediatrics
  • Sports physical therapy
  • Womens health
Collaborative arrangements (twinning)
No
Physical therapist professional entry level education
Number of programmes:
16
Starting education level (minimum):
Diploma
Finishing education level (minimum):
Bachelors degree
Equivalent fulltime years:
4
Other entry level programmes
Starting education level
Finishing education level(s)
Secondary
Bachelors degree,  Masters degree,  Professional doctorate
Upper Secondary
None
Diploma
Bachelors degree,  Masters degree,  Professional doctorate
Bachelors degree
Masters degree,  Professional doctorate
Note: qualification levels are consistent with ISCED 1997 levels
Post professional degree programmes
Post professional degree programmes:
Bachelors degree,  Graduate diploma,  Masters degree,  Research doctorate
Physical therapist specialisation recognised by Bulgaria
Recognised specialisation:
  • Amputee rehabilitation
  • Aquatics
  • Acupuncture
  • Cardiorespiratory physical therapy
  • Educators in physical therapy
  • Electrophysical agents
  • Health promotion (includes non-communicable/chronic disease management, physical activity)
  • Information management and technology
  • Intellectual disability
  • Management/administration (includes leadership, medico-legal, professional standards and best practice)
  • Mental health
  • Neurology
  • Orthopaedics/manual therapy
  • Occupational health and ergonomics
  • Older people
  • Oncology/palliative care
  • Pain (includes pain management, pain research)
  • Paediatrics
  • Policy
  • Sports physical therapy
  • Womens health
Practice
Scope of practice defined by:
Ministry of Health or another government department
Standards of practice:
Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority
Code of conduct:
 
Education for autonomous practice:
Yes
Limitations:
Yes - Physiotherapists are trained as autonomous practitioners, however, Direct Access is still prohibited by law.
 
Legislation to prevent private practice:
Yes
 
Physical Therapists are permitted to:
  • Treat (interventions, advice and evaluation of outcome)
  • Offer preventative advice/services
 
Direct access* permitted:
No
Can people self refer to physical therapists in private practice:
No
 
Can people self refer to physical therapists in the public system:
No
Limitations:
No
* Direct access - a person can refer themselves to a physical therapist without referral from another health professional
Regulation
Registration required to practice:
Yes
CPD* required for re-registration:
No
CPD* required for membership:
Yes
 
The system of regulation in the country:
Registration is required by the Ministry of Health
* CPD - Continuing Professional Development

Other available reference years: 2013