Nepal: a profile of the profession

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The data has been provided by Nepal Physiotherapy Association and to the extent possible are a true reflection of the situation in the country, however not all figures are authoritative and should be interpreted accordingly. For questions or feedback please contact countryprofile@wcpt.org

Reference year: 2017

 View the 2017 global country profile maps

Summary report for Nepal
Summary report
Professional title
English title:
Physiotherapist  (Protected by law)
National language titles:
  • भौतिक चिकित्सक (Vautik Chikitshak)  (Protected by law)
  • Physiotherapist  (Protected by law)
  • Vautik Chikitsak  (Protected by law)
Membership
Number of physical therapist members:
369    (Excluding assistants, students, retired and other)
Female%
42%
 
Entry level student organisation:
No
Practising physical therapists
Number of practising physical therapists:
1,000    (Estimated)
Female%:
Not available
 
Support personnel part of workforce:
Yes
Publications
Journals:
None
Events
CPD Events:
None
Special interest groups recognised by Nepal
Recognised special interest groups:
None
Collaborative arrangements (twinning)
No
Physical therapist professional entry level education
Number of programmes:
1
Starting education level (minimum):
Upper secondary
Finishing education level (minimum):
Bachelors degree
Equivalent fulltime years:
4 and half
Other entry level programmes
Starting education level
Finishing education level(s)
Secondary
None
Upper Secondary
None
Diploma
None
Bachelors degree
Graduate diploma
Note: qualification levels are consistent with ISCED 1997 levels
Post professional degree programmes
Post professional degree programmes:
None
Physical therapist specialisation recognised by Nepal
Recognised specialisation:
None
Practice
Scope of practice defined by:
Ministry of Health or another government department
Standards of practice:
No
Code of conduct:
Yes, the code of conduct of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority
 
Education for autonomous practice:
Yes
Limitations:
Yes - Generally patients are first referred to orthopaedicians or other medical faculties. This has been a trend. There is lack of awareness amongst people.
 
Legislation to prevent private practice:
No
 
Physical Therapists are permitted to:
  • Assess patients/clients
  • Make a diagnosis
  • Treat (interventions, advice and evaluation of outcome)
  • Refer to other specialists/services
  • Offer preventative advice/services
 
Direct access* permitted:
No
Can people self refer to physical therapists in private practice:
Yes
Will this be reimbursed:
No
 
Can people self refer to physical therapists in the public system:
Yes
Limitations:
Yes - People can refer themselves but they do not know where to go at first. This is lack of awareness. There is no rule that the patients are to be first directed to medical doctors and then to physiotherapy by referral but this has been the general practice, unfortunately.
* Direct access - a person can refer themselves to a physical therapist without referral from another health professional
Regulation
Registration required to practice:
Yes
CPD* required for re-registration:
No
CPD* required for membership:
No
 
The system of regulation in the country:
There is system but the link does not provide the detail of it....www.nhpc.org.np The new national/foreigner physiotherapists wiling to practice has to apply with all the necessary academic documents, citizenship certificates to NHPC(National Health Professional Council) to get the temporary registration number.
* CPD - Continuing Professional Development

Other available reference years: 2013  2015