Rwanda: a profile of the profession

The data has been provided by Rwanda Physical Therapy Organisation and to the extent possible are a true reflection of the situation in the country, however not all figures are authoritative and should be interpreted accordingly. For questions or feedback please contact

Reference year: 2013

 View the 2013 global country profile maps

Professional title
English title:
Physiotherapy  (Protected by law)
National language titles:
  • Physiotherapist   (Protected by law)
  • Kinesitherapie  (Protected by law)
  • Physiotherapie  (Protected by law)
  • None  (Not protected by law)
Number of physical therapist members:
75          (as at 31 December 2017)
Female : Male ratio:
Not available
Entry level student organisation:
Practising physical therapists
Number of practising physical therapists:
260        (Estimated)
CPD Events:
Special interest groups recognised by Rwanda
Recognised special interest groups:
    • Orthopaedics/manual therapy
      • Occupational health and ergonomics
        • Private practitioners
          • Womens health
Collaborative arrangements (twinning)
With APTA, we signed a Letter of Understanding through the Organisation called Health Volunteer Overseas, which will be supporting Physiotherapy profession in Rwanda.
Uganda Physiotherapy Association and the Tanzanian PT Association and Kenya Society of Physiotherapists
For the Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania PT associations, we have established a regional parternship between us where we meet once a year for a three- days Scientific Conference, alternating from country to country. We even asked Burundi to join us but it is still in process of applying for WCPT membership.
Canadian Physiotherapy Association
We also got two visits of PTs from Canada who sometimes came to teach some courses at our Physiotherapy School.
Physical therapist professional entry level education
Number of programmes:
Starting education level (minimum):
Upper secondary
Finishing education level (minimum):
Bachelors degree
Equivalent fulltime years:
Other entry level programmes
Note: qualification levels are consistent with ISCED 1997 levels
Post professional degree programmes
Post professional degree programmes:
Physical therapist specialisation recognised by Rwanda
Recognised specialisation:
    • Cardiorespiratory physical therapy
      • Neurology
        • Orthopaedics/manual therapy
          • Occupational health and ergonomics
            • Paediatrics
              • Sports physical therapy
                • Womens health
Scope of practice defined by:
A partnership between a regulation/licensing/registration body and the WCPT member organisation
Standards of practice:
Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority
Code of conduct:
Yes, the code of conduct of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority
Scope of practice defined by:
A partnership between a regulation/licensing/registration body and the WCPT member organisation
Education for autonomous practice:
Yes - Some of the Insurance companies limit physiotherapy sessions to patients
Legislation to prevent private practice:
Physical Therapists are permitted to:
  • Act as first contact/autonomous practitioners
  • Assess patients/clients
  • Make a diagnosis
  • Treat (interventions, advice and evaluation of outcome)
  • Refer to other specialists/services
  • Offer preventative advice/services
Direct access* permitted:
Can people self refer to physical therapists in private practice:
Will this be reimbursed:
In part
Can people self refer to physical therapists in the public system:
Yes - Not all medical insurers are paying for services rendered
* Direct access - a person can refer themselves to a physical therapist without referral from another health professional
Registration required to practice:
CPD* required for re-registration:
CPD* required for membership:
The system of regulation in the country:
There is a Law putting in place the Rwanda Allied Health Professions Council since January 2013
* CPD - Continuing Professional Development

Other available reference years: 2018