Taiwan: a profile of the profession

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The data has been provided by Taiwan Physical Therapy Association and to the extent possible are a true reflection of the situation in the country, however not all figures are authoritative and should be interpreted accordingly. For definitions and metadata please refer to the data guide. For questions or feedback please contact info@wcpt.org

Reference year: 2017

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Summary report for Taiwan
Summary report
Professional title
English title:
Physical therapist  (Protected by law)
National language titles:
  • 物理治療師  (Protected by law)
Membership
Number of physical therapist members:
860    (Excluding assistants, students, retired and other)
Female%
61%
 
Entry level student organisation:
Yes, represented by an independent organisation
Practising physical therapists
Number of practising physical therapists:
5,607    (Authoritative*)
Female%:
59%
 
Support personnel part of workforce:
Yes
Note: *this data has come from a registration authority, a government source or statistical agency.
Publications
Journals:
Special interest groups recognised by Taiwan
Recognised special interest groups:
  • Cardiorespiratory physical therapy
  • Neurology
  • Orthopaedics/manual therapy
  • Older people
  • Paediatrics
  • Sports physical therapy
Collaborative arrangements (twinning)
Corporation Aggregate National Federation of Associations of Physical Therapists Taiwan ROC
Example: Task force working on policy and payment scheme for national health insurance
 
Ministry of Health and Welfare
Example: Training courses for professionals working in long-term care (ongoing) Training courses for professionals in burn care and coordinating services providing to burn patients in acute, subacute and chronic phases
Physical therapist professional entry level education
Number of programmes:
14
Starting education level (minimum):
Upper secondary
Finishing education level (minimum):
Diploma
Equivalent fulltime years:
4
Other entry level programmes
Starting education level
Finishing education level(s)
Secondary
Diploma
Upper Secondary
Bachelors degree,  Professional doctorate
Diploma
Bachelors degree
Bachelors degree
None
Note: qualification levels are consistent with ISCED 1997 levels
Post professional degree programmes
Post professional degree programmes:
Bachelors degree,  Masters degree,  Professional doctorate,  Research doctorate
Physical therapist specialisation recognised by Taiwan
Recognised specialisation:
  • Older people
  • Sports physical therapy
Practice
Scope of practice defined by:
Ministry of Health or another government department
Standards of practice:
Yes, the WCPT member organisation specific standard
Code of conduct:
Yes, WCPT member organisation specific code of conduct
 
Education for autonomous practice:
Yes
Limitations:
Yes - There are restriction set for: 1. those who want to open up their own clinics will have to be trained at least for 2 years in a designated teaching hospital; 2. those who want to be clinical educators will need to have at least 3 years clinical experience and complete 12 hours of CPD in clinical education within 3 years.
 
Legislation to prevent private practice:
No
 
Physical Therapists are permitted to:
  • Act as first contact/autonomous practitioners
  • Assess patients/clients
  • Treat (interventions, advice and evaluation of outcome)
  • Offer preventative advice/services
 
Direct access* permitted:
No
Can people self refer to physical therapists in private practice:
No
 
Can people self refer to physical therapists in the public system:
No
Limitations:
No
* Direct access - a person can refer themselves to a physical therapist without referral from another health professional
Regulation
Registration required to practice:
Yes
CPD* required for re-registration:
Yes
CPD* required for membership:
Yes
 
The system of regulation in the country:
Physical Therapist Act, article 1: To be a physical therapist, one is required to pass the qualify examination of physical therapist ROC and to obtain a license for practice. http://law.moj.gov.tw/LawClass/LawAll.aspx?PCode=L0020044
* CPD - Continuing Professional Development

Other available reference years: 2013  2015