Taiwan: a profile of the profession

Primary tabs

The data has been provided by Taiwan Physical Therapy Association and to the extent possible are a true reflection of the situation in the country, however not all figures are authoritative and should be interpreted accordingly. For questions or feedback please contact countryprofile@wcpt.org

Reference year: 2018

 View the 2018 global country profile maps

Summary report for Taiwan
Summary report
Professional name
English name:
Physical therapist  (Protected by law)
National language names:
  • 物理治療師  (Protected by law)
Membership
Number of physical therapist members:
1,088
Female%
62%
 
Entry level student organisation:
Yes, represented by an independent organisation
Practising physical therapists
Number of practising physical therapists:
6,405    (Authoritative*)
Female%:
59%
 
Support personnel part of workforce:
Yes
Note: *this data has come from a registration authority, a government source or statistical agency.
Publications
Journals:
Special interest groups recognised by Taiwan
Recognised special interest groups:
  • Cardiorespiratory physical therapy
  • Educators in physical therapy
  • Electrophysical agents
  • Neurology
  • Orthopaedics/manual therapy
  • Older people
  • Paediatrics
  • Sports physical therapy
Collaborative arrangements (twinning)
Japanese Physical Therapy Association
Example: Burn care training program, 2015-2016 MOU in 2017 to promote bilateral collaboration Youn leader training program, March 2018
Physical therapist professional entry level education
Number of programmes:
14
Starting education level (minimum):
Upper secondary
Finishing education level (minimum):
Diploma
Equivalent fulltime years:
4
Other entry level programmes
Starting education level
Finishing education level(s)
Secondary
Diploma
Upper Secondary
Bachelors degree,  Professional doctorate
Diploma
Bachelors degree
Bachelors degree
None
Note: qualification levels are consistent with ISCED 1997 levels
Post professional degree programmes
Post professional degree programmes:
Bachelors degree,  Masters degree,  Professional doctorate,  Research doctorate
Physical therapist specialisation recognised by Taiwan
Recognised specialisation:
Older people
Practice
Scope of practice defined by:
Ministry of Health or another government department
Standards of practice:
Yes, the standards of the regulatory/licensing/registration authority
Code of conduct:
Yes, WCPT member organisation specific code of conduct
 
Education for autonomous practice:
Yes
Limitations:
Yes - There are restriction set for PT clinics that contract with Central Health Insurance Bureau: 1. the owner has to be trained at least for 2 years in a designated teaching hospital; or 2. the owner has to complete 40 hours of CPD within the recent 2 years.
 
Legislation to prevent private practice:
No
 
Physical Therapists are permitted to:
  • Act as first contact/autonomous practitioners
  • Assess patients/clients
  • Treat (interventions, advice and evaluation of outcome)
  • Offer preventative advice/services
 
Direct access* permitted:
No
Can people self refer to physical therapists in private practice:
No
 
Can people self refer to physical therapists in the public system:
No
Limitations:
No
* Direct access - a person can refer themselves to a physical therapist without referral from another health professional
Regulation
Registration required to practice:
Yes
CPD* required for re-registration:
Yes
CPD* required for membership:
No
 
The system of regulation in the country:
Physical Therapist Act, article 1: To be a physical therapist, one is required to pass the qualify examination of physical therapist ROC and to obtain a license for practice. http://law.moj.gov.tw/LawClass/LawAll.aspx?PCode=L0020044
* CPD - Continuing Professional Development

Other available reference years: 2013  2015  2017