The following resources will be individually detailed below:
- WCPT resources
- Disaster prevention
- Disaster preparedness
- Disaster relief
- Disaster recovery
- Information sources
- Policy statement: Disaster management and related policies:
WCPT Congress learning materials
- Recording of WPT2011 discussion panel - Re-building for good: how physical therapy projects can bring long-term sustainable benefits in conflict zones and disaster areas
Articles in WCPT News
- PreventionWeb is a website dedicated to the information needs of the disaster reduction community. There are lists educational resources and training programmes for the prevention of disasters.
- The International Strategy for Disaster Reduction is a UN organisation geared to the prevention of disasters. Its website includes disaster statistics, a global platform for disaster reduction and a range of resources.
- The American Physical Therapy Association has published A Physical Therapist’s Guide to Community Emergency Preparedness for People With Disabilities and Special Needs which includes a list of online resources.
- A Resource Guide for Public Health Preparedness has been produced by the New York Academy of Medicine in partnership with National Library of Medicine.
- The Health Library for Disasters is an electronic information resource on public health for emergency preparedness and response and complex emergencies.
- The WHO Health Action in Crises web pages contain technical information for crises and crises management, useful templates, training information and tools to facilitate work in the field. Included is a Global assessment of the national health sector emergency preparedness and response (2008) and WHO Humanitarian Action Biennial Work Plan.
- The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies Early warning > Early action (2008) outlines the actions to take years, months, weeks, days and hours before disasters, giving a range of examples.
- UNHCR Handbook for Emergencies, Third Edition is a comprehensive manual.
- The Mailman School of Public Health of the University of Columbia National Centre for Emergency Preparedness 2007 publishes Emergency preparedness: Addressing the needs of persons with disabilities. Executive Summary and Final Report.
- The Sphere Project brought together people from over 400 organisations, including national and international NGOs, UN agencies and academic institutions, representing 80 countries. The Humanitarian Charter and the draft Core Minimum Standards aim to improve ‘the effectiveness and accountability of disaster response’ and ‘sets out what people affected by disasters have a right to expect from humanitarian assistance’.
- The Tokyo Metropolitan Government has compiled a manual called “Disaster Preparedness Tokyo” to help households get fully prepared for an earthquake directly hitting Tokyo and other various disasters. Whilst tailored specifically to Tokyo the manual includes numerous actions that would enable any household prepare for a disaster and tips for survival.
- When disasters such as the recent earthquakes in Japan and Ecuador strike, there is always a huge amount of goodwill from rehabilitation professionals around the world who wish to use their skills to support those affected. Responding internationally to disasters: A do’s and don’ts guide for rehabilitation professionals, developed with and endorsed by ISCOS, ISPO, ISPRM, WCPT and WFOT, is aimed at all those who are interested in responding to disasters. It highlights key questions to consider, and emphasises that rehabilitation professionals should only respond internationally to disasters as part of established international organisations, or as a member of a registered emergency medical team. A presentation based on the Dos and don’ts document is also available for download.
The following volunteer databases are important in disaster relief:
- The Center for International Disaster Information maintains a database for volunteers.
- The USAID medical volunteer database also includes volunteers other than physicians.
- Voluntary Service Overseas International regularly recruits physical therapists to serve in a variety of development situations. This organisation partners with several governmental agencies responsible for emergency relief.
- Health Volunteers Overseas has a page dedicated to volunteer positions for physical therapists and a volunteer toolkit with the information and tools to help prepare volunteers for their assignment.
- The International Federation of Cross and Red Crescent Societies recruits volunteers for local community development projects. Red Cross or Red Crescent Societies are in many countries of the world. Contact your local office to volunteer.
The following are involved in helping children in emergency situations:
- A new edition of 'Facts for Life' has been published jointly by UNICEF and WHO in collaboration with other UN agencies and the World Bank. This delivers essential information on how to prevent child and maternal deaths, diseases, injuries and violence and is designed to educate those who have influence over the safety and wellbeing of children.
- The International Foster Care Organisation has produced guiding principles on the care and protection of unaccompanied and separated children in emergency-affected countries. First developed in response to the tsunami in Asia in 2004, they have been updated in 2010 for the situation in Haiti following the earthquake. The document represents the views of the following agencies: the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the International Rescue Committee (IRC), Save the Children UK (SCUK), the United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), and World Vision International (WVI).
The WHO has published Guidelines for health care equipment donations. These guidelines are not specifically for use in disaster response situations and indeed note that ‘The general rule of thumb is that capital equipment should not be donated in emergency situations, unless it is established that the emergency will be continued over a long period.’ The donation process, flowcharts and checklists may be applicable across many settings and situations, but involvement of the recipient in decision making is paramount. The guidelines emphasise:
- There should be no double standard on quality. If the quality of an item is unacceptable in the donor country it is also unacceptable as a donation.
- All donations should be made according to a plan formulated jointly by both donor and recipient.
- The recipient should derive the maximum possible benefit from the equipment.
- Equipment should be given in accordance with the recipient’s wishes.
- Equipment should be given in conformity with government policies and administrative arrangements of the recipient’s country.
The following resources are aimed at recovery planning:
- The UN development group together with the World Bank has published a range of documents on post conflict needs assessment. The purpose of the Guidance is to inform strategic decision-makers (national and international) of the purpose, scope and benefits of a common platform for recovery planning.
The following resources are aimed at community development:
- Making it work (March 2009) is an international multi-stakeholder initiative aimed towards effective implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). The manual is available in English, French and Spanish.
- The UN Development Group Toolkit is a repository of guidance, lessons learned and tools to support development.
The following resources are aimed at mainstreaming disability:
- A guidance paper for an inclusive local development policy by Charlotte Axelsson (2009) is available in English and French. This guidance paper aims to provide concrete directions for mainstreaming disability in local development.
The following resources are aimed at recruiting rehabilitation volunteers:
- Voluntary Service Overseas is a UK based non-governmental organisation that recruits volunteer physical therapists to take part in recovery and development programmes in low-income countries.
The following resources are aimed at pandemic disasters and communicable disease control:
- The WHO programme on communicable disease control in humanitarian emergencies produces a range of publications including A field manual - Communicable disease control in emergencies and Early warning surveillance and response in emergencies. They also hold regular five-day intensive short courses on communicable diseases in emergencies in different countries around the world.
- The Chartered Society of Physiotherapy has available guidance on prevention and control of health care infection associated infections.
- Leadership During a Pandemic: What Your Municipality Can Do is a resource kit produced by the Pan American Health Organization. Elements of this resource may be useful for physical therapists.
- Where there is no Doctor could be a useful adjunct to professional literature for physical therapists in the aftermath of the disaster where health infrastructures may not yet be in place. In such situations all personnel need to be aware of general health conditions and treatments. This book is prepared in simple language for people with little formal education. It is available in more than one hundred languages.
The following sources may also provide needed information for those in disaster management:
- Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy (JOSPT) editorial: The Role of Physical Therapists in the Medical Response Team Following a Natural Disaster: Our Experience in Nepal
- Health Care in Danger project: new e-learning module (November 2014). The module introduces health personnel to the principles underpinning ethical considerations when working in conflict situations and other emergencies. Using a multimedia interface, the module presents various dilemmas that health personnel face every day. Users can explore these issues in depth by interacting virtually with experts in the field, studying real-life issues, and receiving guidance that helps them to make decisions in difficult situations.
- The Community Tool Box is a global resource for free information on essential skills for building healthy communities. Promoting community health and development by connecting people, ideas and resources. This resource is also available in Spanish: Caja de Herramientas Comunitarias - Recursos prácticos
- ReliefWeb, administered by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), is an on-line gateway to information (documents and maps) on humanitarian emergencies and disasters. Designed specifically to assist the international humanitarian community in effective delivery of emergency assistance, it provides information as events unfold, while emphasising the coverage of "forgotten emergencies".
- Source is an international information support centre designed to strengthen the management, use and impact of information on health and disability. Source has a unique collection of around 25,000 health and disability information resources. These include books, journals, manuals, reports, posters, CD-ROMs, websites and organisations. Many materials are from developing countries.
- The United States National Library of Medicine (NLM) has developed a listserve for libraries and public health workforce that facilitates the sharing of information on disaster preparedness topics. It also provides archives from previous discussions.
- Knowledge for Health has gathered key resources from a range of UN agencies into one place. The Haiti Relief Toolkit, though specifically developed in response to the earthquake in Haiti in February 2010, contains information of more general relevance. It contains technical and practical information that will help health workers respond to earthquake relief efforts, covering the vital sectors in emergencies - health, water, sanitation, food, security and shelter - and key field activities supporting the operations, such as logistics.
- A selection of systematic reviews and their conclusions is available from the Cochrane Library on Healthcare topics that aid agencies have reported as important. These are signposts to reviews that might be helpful to decision-makers. All countries in Latin America and the Caribbean can access the Cochrane Library for free via the Virtual Health Library (in English, Spanish or Portuguese).